Steel and stone - a really creative relationship!
The earliest known use of gabion structures was about 7,000 years ago. The Egyptians used baskets woven from sedge and filled with sludge to protect the shores of the Nile in the age of the pharaohs. Later on in the Middle Ages, in Europe baskets woven from sticks were filled with stones and earth and used for building castle fortifications or for protecting the shores of rivers. Today these baskets are called gabion structures, the name derives from the Italian word gabbione meaning "big cage". In the middle of the 19th century gabion boxes were made only from woven steel wire, while welded steel mesh gabion boxes appeared in the middle of the 20th century.
So gabions are steel wire structures packed with stone on the construction site to ensure the stability of steep slopes due to their mass, while in the case of so-called soil retaining walls stability is ensured by steel and plastic meshes built in the slope in layers.
Gabion (RENO) mattresses are designed with a lower height and are first of all built as the channel lining of watercourses.